A Historical Timeline of Peterborough
From 9000 BC to Present
Credit to : Shawn Hughes (Teacher at Crestwood SS)
9000 BC to 5000 BC:
- Paleo-Indians lived in the area.
5000 BC to 1000 BC:
- Laurentian people lived in southern Ontario.
1000 BC to 1000 AD:
- Woodland peoples in the area.
- Initial Woodland had no contact with Europeans.
- Petroglyphs completed between 1000 and 1400 AD by First Nations.
- Point Peninsula people build sacred mounds on shore of Rice Lake (Serpent Mounds).
- Terminal Woodland made contact 1000 AD.
- Samuel de Champlain brought through Peterborough area by Huron; used ancient portage between Chemong Lake and Little Lake (now Chemong Road); stayed for a short period of time in Bridgenorth area.
- Mississauga people forced Iroquoians out of Kawartha region.
- Mississauga settle in area.
- Adam Scott settles on the west shore of the Otonabee River at foot of King Street.
- “Milburn Colonists” settle area north of modern day Parkhill Road.
- Peterborough town site is “set aside”.
- Adam Scott signs agreement to build grist and sawmill on site of future town of Peterborough.
- Future town of Peterborough is established as “Scott’s Plains”.
- Charles Rubidge and family arrive as second settlers in Otonabee Township.
- Stewart and Reid families arrive in area and settle in Duoro.
- Richard Birdsall surveys the area for a town site.
- Market Block between George and Water and Charlotte and Simcoe Streets is established.